Pathology Programme

The Pathology Program is presently focused largely on Africa, and has a strong emphasis on haematopathology and haematology. In the past 2 years numerous assessment visits were made to Pathology laboratories in Africa, and the equipment,skills and knowledge of laboratory staff, including professional and technical made. From this has emerged a plan to introduce modern diagnostic techniques, which are largely absent from Africa, focusing initially on immunohistochemisty, and subsequently, when funds allow, to establish a few reference laboratories for FISH analysis. The program is closely linked with INCTR's ongoing Burkitt lymphoma study and is supported by iPath (see separate description), which can be helpful in It holds a major event approximately annually, called "What can we learn from Africa" (see "Meetings"). This is a workshop which brings together pathologists and clinicians and includes didactic lectures as well as case presentations and discussions focused prijmarily on diagnosis, although by including both pathologists and clinicians, the program hopes to bring these professionals closer together. It is essential that clinicians understand the ever more complex classification of haematological cancers, which are relatively common throughout the world, if they are to refine treatment approaches, and it is equally essential that the pathologists realise that the diagnosis, particularly in aggressive B cell lymphomas such as Burkitt lymphoma, needs to be made as rapidly as possible, since this greatly increases the possiblity of cure. Short term exchanges between institutions in Africa, Italy and Paris have been used to train pathologists and technicians in immunohistochemistry and reagents provided. The goal is to have high quality immunophenotyping available in at least 3 major laboratories by the end of this year. It is also hoped that an effective collaboration with the Aga Khan hospitals can be developed which will enable progress to be made more rapidly. Finally, a new Award has been established for outstanding work in haematolgical neoplasms. Called the Gregory O'Conor Award for Outstanding Contributions to Haematopathology. The first recipient was Dr Elaine Jaffe (see article in Jan/Feb 2013 NewsFlash). The second was Prof Peter Isaacson FRS who discovered (with Prof Dennis Wright) MALT lymphomas and also coeliac disease-related intestinal T cell lymphomas.

Title Coordinator) Country
Anatomic Pathology, Cytology and iPath in Francophone Africa Martine Raphael Cameroon, Mali, DRC, Senegal
Central Pathology Review / iPath (2016) Martine Raphaell, Sidnei Epelman Brasil; Senegal,
Improving diagnostics in pathology and hematology in Ethiopia Nina Horowitz Ethiopia
iPath as a Platform for Support for Technologists Nina Hurwitz Kenya
Lymphoproliferative Disorders in Senegal (2014) Martine Raphael Senegal
Pathology Program Annual Summary 2013 Lorenzo Leoncini, Manzoor Ahmed, Nina Hurwitz, Martine Raphael, Kikkeri Naresh, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Nigeria, Cameroon
Title Coordinator) Country
What Can We Learn from Africa - 3 (2013) Lorenzo Leoncini, KK Naresh, Martine Raphael, Nina Hurwitz, Ian Magrath Kenya
What Can We Learn From Africa: 5 (2015) Martine Raphael, Lorenzo Leoncini, KK Naresh ,
What Can We Learn From Africa-4 (2014) Lorenzo Leoncini, Martine Raphael, KK Naresh, N. Hurwitz, Ian Magrath Tanzania
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